EndometriosisEndometriosis occurs when bits of the tissue that lines the uterus (endometrium) grow on other pelvic organs, such as the ovaries or fallopian tubes. Outside the uterus, endometrial tissue thickens and bleeds, just as the normal endometrium does during the menstrual cycle. 

What are the signs and symptoms of endometriosis?
  • Pain (usually pelvic) that usually occurs just before menstruation and lessens after menstruation.
  • Painful sexual intercourse.
  • Cramping during intercourse.
  • Cramping or pain during bowel movements or urination.
  • Infertility.
  • Pain with pelvic examinations.
What happens when you have endometriosis?

The lining of your uterus is called the endometrium. Endometriosis occurs when endometrial tissue grows on your ovaries, bowel, and tissues lining your pelvis. … The hormonal changes of your menstrual cycle affect the misplaced endometrial tissue, causing the area to become inflamed and painful.

How do you get endometriosis? 

Retrograde menstrual flow is the most likely cause of endometriosis. Some of the tissue shed during the period flows through the fallopian tube into other areas of the body, such as the pelvis. Genetic factors. Because endometriosis runs in families, it may be inherited in the genes

What Are the Stages? 

There are different ways to measure endometriosis. The most widely used scale is from the American Society of Reproductive Medicine. Doctors assign points according to the spread of the endometrial tissue, its depth, and the areas of your body that are affected. 

Based on the results, the condition is ranked in one of four stages:


  • Stage 1 or minimal: There a few small implants or small wounds or lesions. They may be found on your organs or the tissue lining your pelvis or abdomen. There’s little to no scar tissue.
  • Stage 2 or mild: There are more implants than in stage 1. They’re also deeper in the tissue, and there may be some scar tissue.
  • Stage 3 or moderate: There are many deep implants. You may also have small cysts on one or both ovaries, and thick bands of scar tissue called adhesions.
  • Stage 4 or severe: This is the most widespread. You have many deep implants and thick adhesions. There are also large cysts on one or both ovaries.
What is the difference between endometriosis and adenomyosis?

Adenomyosis and endometriosis are both disorders of the endometrial tissue that lines the cavity of the uterus. But they develop differently and have some different symptoms.

In adenomyosis, endometrial cells grow within the wall of the uterus. These misplaced cells follow the menstrual cycle, bleeding monthly.

The uterus wall thickens, and may cause pain and heavy bleeding. It usually affects older women. It’s recently been associated Trusted Source with infertility.

In endometriosis, the endometrial cells establish themselves outside the uterus.

The tissue is commonly found on the ovaries, supporting ligaments of the uterus, and in the cavities of the pelvis. There they follow the menstrual cycle, bleeding monthly.

This may cause pain and may affect fertility. It usually occurs with adolescents and women of reproductive age.

You can have one or both of these disorders. A 2017 study of 300 women diagnosed with adenomyosis between 2008 and 2016 found that 42.3 percent of these women also had endometriosis.

Both are progressive disorders and both are estrogen-dependent.


Adenomyosis is a condition in which the inner lining of the uterus (the endometrium) breaks through the muscle wall of the uterus (the myometrium). Adenomyosis can cause menstrual cramps, lower abdominal pressure, and bloating before menstrual periods and can result in heavy periods.

A condition in which endometrial tissue exists within and grows into the uterine wall. 

  • Treatable by a medical professional
  • Requires a medical diagnosis
  • Lab tests or imaging often required
  • Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong

Adenomyosis most often occurs late in childbearing years and typically disappears after menopause.

Sometimes, adenomyosis may cause heavy or prolonged menstrual bleeding, severe cramping, pain during intercourse or blood clots that pass during a period.

Certain medication can help relieve pain or lessen heavy bleeding. Removal of the uterus (hysterectomy) is the only cure.

Symptoms of Adenomysis

Sometimes, adenomyosis may cause heavy or prolonged menstrual bleeding, severe cramping, pain during intercourse or blood clots that pass during a period.



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So What Is Endometriosis?

Endometriosis is a condition in which tissue, similar to the lining of the uterus, grows in other areas of the body. The female reproductive system includes the vagina, uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries. During a normal menstrual cycle, the ovaries make hormones, which signal the lining of the uterus to thicken. This is called the endometrium – 

What is endometriosis? Endometriosis is a disorder of the female reproductive system. The cells that form the lining of the uterus (the endometrium) grow outside of the uterus, usually in the abdomen, pelvis, fallopian tubes, or ovaries. However, endometrial tissue can grow anywhere in the body, including the eyes. These areas of tissue growing outside – 

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